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The Brains of the Vogt Collection

Bernhard Bogerts, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988;45(8):774. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1988.01800320092013.
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To the Editor.—  Three years ago, we published an article in the Archives entitled "Basal Ganglia and Limbic System Pathology in Schizophrenia: A Morphometric Study of Brain Volume and Shrinkage,"1 in which we presented morphometric data for brains of 13 schizophrenics and nine control cases belonging to the Vogt collection, University of Düsseldorf, West Germany. The normal and schizophrenic brains were collected by the Vogts and their coworkers between the years 1928 and 1953, ie, before the application of neuroleptic drug treatment.Recently, I was alerted by Elliot Gershon, MD, of the possibility that the brains investigated in this study came from the Holocaust.In the very extensive clinical records we have from all control cases and schizophrenics, there is a clear documentation that all control cases and schizophrenics had natural causes of death and died before 1935 or after 1945, with the exception of two 39- year-old schizophrenic

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