Article |

Matching for Education in Studies of Schizophrenia

Susan M. Resnick, PhD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1992;49(3):246. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1992.01820030078011.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

To the Editor.—  Choosing an appropriate control group is difficult in the experimental design of studies of patients with schizophrenia. Many investigators choose to match patient and control groups with respect to education as well as age and gender. The dilemma posed by the decision to match for education is highlighted by the recent report by Goldberg et al1 In pairs of identical twins discordant for schizophrenia with the same genotype and socioeconomic background of origin, the 16 ill twins completed an average of almost 2 years less education than their unaffected cotwins (mean for affected twins, 13.8 years; mean for unaffected twins, 15.6 years). This difference reflects the discrepancy between educational potential and actual attainment in individuals with schizophrenia, presumably a consequence of the disease process. The twin data offer additional supportive evidence for the hypothesized downward drift in social class associated with schizophrenia.2,3To the extent


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.