Article |

Auditory P300 Abnormalities and Left Posterior Superior Temporal Gyrus Volume Reduction in Schizophrenia

Robert W. McCarley, MD; Martha E. Shenton, PhD; Brian F. O'Donnell, PhD; Stephen F. Faux, PhD; Ron Kikinis, MD; Paul G. Nestor, PhD; Ferenc A. Jolesz, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1993;50(3):190-197. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1993.01820150036003.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Abnormalities in the auditory P300 event-related potential are one of the most robust findings in schizophrenia. To investigate the brain source(s) of this major functional abnormality, we combined P300 recordings with the use of a new generation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology to examine specific temporal lobe gray matter regions of interest in schizophrenics and normal controls. In schizophrenics, gray matter volume reductions in the left posterior superior temporal gyrus (STG), which includes Heschl's gyrus and the planum temporale, were highly and specifically associated with both P300 amplitude reduction and left<right topographic asymmetry. In contrast, left hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus gray matter volume reductions, although present in schizophrenics, were not associated with any P300 abnormalities. There were also no statistically significant correlations between P300 amplitude at any of the central or left-sided electrode sites or any of the MRI-defined volumes of gray matter regions of interest in the right temporal lobe, superior frontal gyrus, or cingulate gyrus; additional work will thus be required to determine the role of these regions, if any, in P300 generation, along with the role of other brain areas not examined in the present study. These initial data appear most compatible with a model that postulates a major role for bilateral STG sources in P300 generation: The strongly asymmetric STG volume reduction (left<<right STG volume) found in many schizophrenic subjects produces asymmetric P300 amplitudes (left<<right) at lateral electrode sites, where the influence of the abnormal region is most easily detected.


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.