We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Neuropsychological Functioning in Siblings Discordant for Schizophrenia and Healthy Volunteers

Tyrone D. Cannon, PhD; Lisa Eyler Zorrilla, MA; Derri Shtasel, MD; Raquel E. Gur, MD, PhD; Ruben C. Gur, PhD; Elysa J. Marco; Paul Moberg, PhD; R. Arlen Price, PhD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1994;51(8):651-661. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1994.03950080063009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  To determine whether schizophrenics and their nonschizophrenic siblings have a similar pattern of neuropsychological deficit when compared with normal controls.

Design and Participants:  Fifteen probands with schizophrenia, 16 of their nonschizophrenic siblings, and 31 unrelated, demographically balanced, normal individuals underwent evaluation with a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. All subjects were screened for history of head injury, neurologic illness, major medical conditions, substance use, and axis I psychiatric disorders other than schizophrenia. Probands underwent evaluation twice: once at intake when half had never received neuroleptic medication and the other half had received none for a minimum of 2 weeks, and again at the 2- to 4-week follow-up, after stabilization with neuroleptic medications.

Results:  Both schizophrenics and their nonschizophrenic siblings were impaired neuropsychologically compared with normal controls, with the nonschizophrenic siblings' performance intermediate between that of the schizophrenic siblings and the normal controls on all measures of functioning. The shapes of the deficit profiles of schizophrenic patients and their siblings were similar; in patients, verbal memory, abstraction, attention, and language functions were significantly more affected compared with spatial abilities, spatial memory, and sensorymotor functions, with a nonsignificant trend in the same direction in siblings. Cognitive functioning in patients was found to be stable across changes in medication status and clinical state. Four fifths of patients obtained more deviant scores than their nonschizophrenic siblings. Among the sibling group, those with probable and certain diagnoses of schizotypal personality disorder were more impaired compared with those without schizophrenia-spectrum symptoms.

Conclusion:  These results support the hypothesis that impaired information processing aggregates in the family members of schizophrenics and may serve as an indicator of genetic vulnerability to the disorder. Further work is needed to establish whether particular areas of functioning are selectively impaired in relatives and to determine whether the performance deficits are mediated by structural and/or metabolic disturbances in specific brain regions.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.