0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Dose-Response Changes in Plasma Cortisol and Lymphocyte Glucocorticoid Receptors Following Dexamethasone Administration in Combat Veterans With and Without Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Rachel Yehuda, PhD; David Boisoneau; Martin T. Lowy, PhD; Earl L. Giller Jr, MD, PhD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1995;52(7):583-593. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1995.03950190065010.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Our previous studies have suggested that combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning that are different from the well-documented biological changes observed in major depressive disorder and following exposure to stress.

Methods:  In the present study, we examined cortisol and lymphocyte glucocorticoid receptor number before and after the administration of 0.50 and 0.25 mg of dexamethasone in 14 combat veterans with PTSD, 12 combat veterans without PTSD, and 14 nonpsychiatric healthy men. All subjects were medication free at the time of testing and none met diagnostic criteria for major depression or substance dependence.

Results:  Combat veterans with PTSD suppressed cortisol to a greater extent than did combat veterans without PTSD and normal controls in response to both doses of dexamethasone. Differences in cortisol suppression could not be attributed to substance dependence history or differences in dexamethasone bioavailability. Combat veterans with PTSD showed a larger number of baseline glucocorticoid receptors compared with normal men. Combat veterans without PTSD also had a larger number of baseline glucocorticoid receptors compared with normal men and in fact were comparable to combat veterans with PTSD on this measure. However, only veterans with PTSD showed a decrease in lymphocyte glucocorticoid receptor number following dexamethasone administration.

Conclusion:  The data support the hypothesis of an enhanced negative feedback sensitivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in PTSD.

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();