0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Enrollment Duration, Service Use, and Costs of Care for Severely Mentally Ill Members of a Health Maintenance Organization

Bentson H. McFarland, MD, PhD; Richard E. Johnson, PhD; Mark C. Hornbrook, PhD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996;53(10):938-944. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1996.01830100086011.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  The rapid growth of prepaid health care and the increasing enrollment of Medicaid clients in health maintenance organizations (HMOs) raise concerns about the adequacy of services for persons with severe mental illness in capitated health plans. Uncontrolled studies have suggested that enrollment of HMO members with mental illness may be prematurely terminated.

Methods:  We identified 250 adult Kaiser Permanente Northwest Region (Portland, Ore) members who were enrolled during 1986 or 1987 and had chart diagnoses of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Severely mentally ill subjects were matched by age and sex with control HMO members with and without diabetes mellitus. Records of the HMO and the state mental health agency were reviewed to determine HMO enrollment duration, private and public service utilization, and HMO costs of care during the 4-year follow-up period.

Results:  The severely mentally ill subjects had 42 months of HMO enrollment during the follow-up period comlitus with 37 months for the controls without diabetes mellitus and 47 months for the patients with diabetes mellitus (P<.001). When HMO enrollment prior to the study was taken into account, the severely mentally ill subjects and those with diabetes mellitus had similar membership duration. Among the severely mentally ill subjects, community mental health service use was related to longer duration of HMO enrollment (P<.05) but HMO costs of care per member per month were not related to retention. The severely mentally ill subjects were high users of mental health services but their use of general medical care was similar to that of the controls without diabetes mellitus.

Conclusions:  This controlled study found no evidence for early termination of HMO members with costly mental illness. Use of community mental health care was associated with longer duration of HMO enrollment.

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();