0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Detecting Personality Disorders in a Nonclinical Population:  Application of a 2-Stage Procedure for Case Identification

Mark F. Lenzenweger, PhD; Armand W. Loranger, PhD; Lauren Korfine, AM; Cynthia Neff, PhD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997;54(4):345-351. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1997.01830160073010.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  There is no epidemiology of personality disorders (PDs) comparable with that currently available for most other mental disorders. One reason for this is that an Axis II diagnosis usually requires considerable clinical sophistication and it is expensive to deploy clinicians rather than trained laypersons to examine large community samples. This study explores the feasibility of using a 2-stage method in which only subjects who were screened as positive for PD would be interviewed by clinicians.

Methods:  University students were screened with a selfadministered Axis II inventory and subsequently interviewed by clinicians with the use of the International Personality Disorder Examination.

Results:  The screen detected all individuals who subsequently received a definite diagnosis on the interview, and a specificity rate of detection was 61%. The pointprevalence estimate for diagnosable PD in this nonclinical population was 11.01% (95% confidence interval, 7.57%-14.52%).

Conclusion:  If these results can be replicated in a more representative community sample, this 2-stage method might substantially reduce the number of persons who needed to be interviewed in a major epidemiological study of PDs, with little or no loss in diagnostic accuracy, while presumably lowering the cost of such an investigation.

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();