We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Art and Images in Psychiatry |

The Scat Players

James C. Harris, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006;63(9):955. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.63.9.955.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Otto Dix (1891-1969) carried 2 items in his knapsack during the First World War, Friedrich Nietzsche's (1844-1900) The Joyous (Gay) Science and the Bible.2 At age 20 years, like many young men of his era, he began to avidly read Nietzsche's writings seeking to affirm life, to cast traditional beliefs aside, and to experience the full range of life's joys, pain, and cruelty, to experience its depths.13 That is why he joined the German army at the outbreak of the war in 1914 and fought until it ended in 1918. He was repeatedly wounded and once was near death from a shrapnel wound to his neck. He rose to the rank of vice sergeant major and won the Iron Cross for valor. Dix observed everything, completing more than 300 drawings and sketches during his wartime service. He had studied at the Dresden School of Arts and Crafts and honed his drawing talent on the battlefield between attacks.3

Figures in this Article


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview


Place holder to copy figure label and caption

Otto Dix (1891-1969), German. Die Skatspieler (The Scat Players), 1920. Oil on canvas with photomontage and collage, 110 × 87 cm (435/16 × 34¼ in). Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Nationalgalerie. © 2006 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn.

Graphic Jump Location




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

2 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Related Collections