Submitted for Publication: June 27, 2011; final revision received October 14, 2011; accepted December 2, 2011.
Published Online: February 6, 2012. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.2040. Corrected on Feb 16, 2012.
Author Contributions: Drs Strakowski, Gara, and Arndt had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Financial Disclosure: Dr Strakowski has received research support in the form of grants to the University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center from Eli Lilly, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, AstraZeneca, Martek Biosciences, Nutrition 21, Repligen, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institute of Mental Health, and National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression. He has also chaired a symposium for Consensus Medical Communications and mentored the young investigator meeting at the American Psychiatric Association. Dr Wilson has received grant and research support from the National Institute of Mental Health, Dianippon, Johnson & Johnson, Lilly Roche, Bristol-Meyers Squibb, GlaxoSmithKline, Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Wyeth, and Quintiles.
Funding/Support: The parent study, Ethnicity and the Diagnosis of Affective Illness, and each site were funded by the National Institute of Mental Health from July 1, 2005, to June 30, 2009. Grant numbers by site are as follows: MH068801, University of Cincinnati; MH068795, Harbor–University of California at Los Angeles Medical Center; MH068819, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; MH068797, Howard University; MH068804, University of Michigan; and MH068807, University of Texas at San Antonio.
Role of the Sponsors: The National Institute of Mental Health, which funded this study, played no role in the design and conduct of the study, data collection, management, analysis, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Information: This article is dedicated to Michael W. Smith, MD, and Victor R. Adebimpe, MD. Dr Smith was the original principal investigator at the University of California at Los Angeles site but died in 2006. Dr Adebimpe was a consultant on this project and a trailblazer in the study of ethnicity effects on diagnoses in mental illness. He died in 2007. Both gentlemen have been sorely missed.
Additional Contributions: We acknowledge The Effects of Ethnicity on Diagnostic Assessment in Affective Illness Study group, which was a 6-site collaboration funded by the National Institute of Mental Health. The 6 sites, principal investigators, and coinvestigators were Harbor–University of California at Los Angeles Medical Center and the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Torrance, (Lesser, principal investigator; Benjamin Furst, MD; Deborah Flores, MD; and Michael W. Smith); University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (Dr Escamilla, principal investigator; Salvador Contreras, MD; Mercedes Ramirez, MD; and Juan Zavala, MD); Howard University, Washington, DC (Dr Lawson, principal investigator; and Tonya L. Seward, MA); University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Dr Neighbors; Cheryl Munday, PhD; and Jamie Abelson, MSW); University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey University Behavioral HealthCare and Robert Wood Johnson Medical School (Drs Gara and Vega, co–principal investigators; Lesley A. Allen, PhD; Humberto Marin, MD; and Theresa Miskimen, MD); and the University of Cincinnati, Ohio, under the direction of Dr Strakowski (overall study principal investigator), which functioned as the lead administrative site and data management storage center. Also participating at the University of Cincinnati were Lesley M. Arnold, MD; Michael A. Cerullo, MD; Dr Fleck; Quinton Moss, MD; and Henry Nasrallah, MD. Dr Arnold deserves special acknowledgment for serving as an expert reviewer of all edited documents (Figure 1) and for her participation in multiple other aspects of the project. Dr Wilson and Sriram Ramaswamy, MD, participated from Creighton University. Dr Munday is now at the University of Detroit–Mercy.